How to convert a certificate PFX file to CRT/KEY using openssl

Your PFX certificate file is protected with a password. It can be converted to CRT and KEY files using SSL:

openssl pkcs12 -in certfile.pfx -nocerts -out keyfile-encrypted.key

When you enter this command you will be asked to type in the pfx file password in order to extract the key. You will be asked to enter a passphrase for the encrypted key. The key will be stored in keyfile-encrypted.key.

The exported keyfile is encrypted but you might need it in unencrypted format. To unencrypt the key, do:

openssl rsa -in keyfile-encrypted.key -out keyfile.key

You will be asked for the passphrase that you entered in the previous step. The unencrypted key will be stored in keyfile.key.

Then it is time to extract the certificate:

openssl pkcs12 -in certfile.pfx -clcerts -nokeys -out certfile.crt

Again, you will need to enter the pfx file password in order to extract the certificate. The certificate will be stored in certfile.crt.

Anchor links does not scroll to the correct position

There are several issues that can cause local anchor links to not scroll to the right position. The first thing to check is if you have an id-tag that has the same name as the anchor. In this case the browser will scroll to the id position instead. The solution is to name the anchor and id with different names.

Example:

<div name="myanchor">
<p>Some random text</p>
</div>
<a href="#myanchor">Go to some random text</a>

The above example will behave as expected.

But in this example the link will scroll to the h1 instead of the div:

<h1 id="myanchor">
<div>
<p>Some other random text</p>
</div>
<div name="myanchor">
<p>Some random text</p>
</div>
<a href="#myanchor">Go to some random text</a>

To avoid this, make sure the anchors (name) and id have different names.

There are also other sitiuations where the local anchor does not scroll correctly covered in this article.